پژوهش های ادبی و بلاغی; پژوهش; ادبیات; بلاغت;
عنوان مقاله [English]
The reflection of Ibn Arabi's mystical foundations in the mystical schools after him
Theoretical mysticism, as a particular epistemic system and worldview, was founded by Mohiuddin bin Arab. With the emergence of Ibn al-Arabi, a full-scale theory, both in terms of cosmological theology, and in terms of soul science and anthropology, suddenly emerges. Mohiuddin has explicitly regulated and disseminated the Sufi beliefs, which until then were implicit in the words of the Sheikhs of Tariqat. As the supreme exponent of Islamic mysticism, he had such an impact on esoteric schools and practices that there was virtually no Sufi doctrine and belief, after Ibn 'Arabi, presented in a pristine school of thought that was in no way influenced by his mystical method. This essay reflects Ibn 'Arabi's mystical elements (unity and unity, perfect man and the word, holy and sacred grace, manifestation, first intellect and reserved discipline, fixed lords, etc.) in the works of some of his commentators and followers, such as Sadr al-Din Qunawi. , Fakhroddin Araghi, Abdolrahman Jami, Sheikh Mahmoud Shabestari, Seyyed Mohammad Noorbakhsh, Shams Maghreb, Mulla Sadra Shirazi and a number of Shiite thinkers are discussed in a comparative-analytic way using library resources. The result is that Ibn Arabi, with a semantic approach and by establishing a kind of intuitive reasoning that was supported by tools such as cryptic thinking, interpretation, idiom and metaphorism, put many of the concepts of the former mysticism into a theoretical system based on the notion of "pantheism".